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Friday, March 26, 2010

Discovering Gyeongsangbuk- do – Cheongdo-gun Part 3

Know what? I haven’t slept a wink the past 48 hours! Doing what? I know I shouldn’t have started it, not when my new blog posting was due and and as a result I’m now a little late with my posting. Remember, after writing about the film set in Gyeongju, I asked you all to watch the Queen Seondeok drama? Well two days ago I happened to come across the drama on-line and before I knew it I was watching the first episode. And from then on it was non-stop all the way. I have always been a fan of historical and period dramas and Queen Seondeok is nothing but just that, so what more can I ask for? I have seen a lot of historical dramas but none so compelling like this one. It’s just like reading a book and then not being able to put it down. So it was one episode after another and there’s still a long way to go till I finish it. There are 50 episodes and I’m just at 24.

queenseondeok

queenseondeok Mishil 
I love the costumes, the dances and the Hwarang displays. Everything is just exquisite. What I really enjoy, is the part of Mishil, played by Go Hyun-jung. A leader of the Hwarang (Shilla’s youth corps), Mishil’s official title is Seju, bestowed by the king on royal concubines. Mishil is an attractive and powerful woman, who will let nothing stand in the way of her ambition to become queen. At times she can be seductive and sometimes even scary, which is very well portrayed by the actress. It’s just fantastic that this woman had a husband who could share her with so many other men. Sometimes I get confused as to who's  the father of which particular son. The storyline is very well written which makes this drama very interesting. At least now I know something about the great General Kim Yushin whom I’ve come across in the course of my research for my blog posts.

queenseondeok Munno

I also like the Chief Marshal of the Hwarang, Munno, who together with General Yushin were the only men who were not under Mishil’s spell and who openly opposed her.

queenseondeok Young Deokmanpg

Not to be outdone is the part of the young Seondeok  (played by Nam Ji-hyun) the time she was in the desert.

If not for my eyes beginning to feel a bit tired, I’m sure I won’t be writing this today. So I’ve decided to publish my post and get some sleep before I continue with my Queen Seondeok drama.

Today I’m going to tell you about the special products of Cheongdo first before we do any sightseeing. Top of the list is of course, the Cheongdo Bansi persimmon that only grows in Cheongdo. Cheongdo’s seedless and sweet Bansi persimmon is good for health with its valuable nutritional contents.

The persimmons are sliced and then dried in the sun to make a sweet snack which is loved by people of all ages. It is supposed to be good for preventing colds and skins from aging.

Ice-cold persimmons also make a good alternative for ice-cream as a dessert.

The traditional wine 'Gamgrin' is made from persimmons. As a white wine, it has plenty of tannin, giving it an astringent taste. It was officially selected as a dinner wine in the Busan APEC, 2005.

Kosher vinegar is made with sweet, ripe Cheongdo persimmons, naturally fermented and ripened.

Persimmons are also made into a type of Korean snack that’s made with glutinous rice and persimmons.

Not only is the fruit eaten, the leaves are used to make Persimmon Leaf Tea. The vitamins in Persimmon Leaf Tea strengthen the immune system and this tea also contributes to efficient blood circulation to prevent high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, dementia or stroke.

Persimmon and Grain Powder Food is a well-balanced nutritional food in which 10 types of grains and the Cheongdo seedless persimmon are mixed. It is good as an alternative meal for busy commuters in the morning or for patients.

The white peach is famous for its fragrance and sweet and juicy taste. It helps to stimulate appetite and to overcome fatigue while its aspartic acid helps to relieve hangovers. Its affluent vitamin A and C, and fiber are effective for the prevention of constipation and a good diuretic effect.

The pear, an alkali rich fruit is best cultivated in areas with a clear difference in temperature between day and night. It has a plenty of vitamins to speed up the metabolism.

Cheongdo apples grow in areas with excellent natural conditions with a clear difference in temperature between day and night, and clean air and water. They are very sweet and crispy and of excellent quality.

The Papaya has an excellent fragrance and plenty of Calcium, Iron, minerals, Saponin, Vitamin C, and Tannin and it can be eaten or used as an ingredient in oriental medicine.

The Cheongdo jujube is large and uniform. It is bright red in color and has a high degree of sweetness. It is well-dried and sweet with its uniquely good fragrance.
The Strawberry has a vivid color and sweet taste with a good fragrance and is of excellent quality. In addition, it is rich in vitamin C which is good for health.
Vegetables come second after the fruits.

The patented Semical dropwort is regularly sprayed with high quality selenium, mineral and calcium in the Hanjae district. This excellent dropwort has a thick but soft stem with a high degree of sweetness.

The Hanjae Hwayaksan dropwort is cultivated with base rock groundwater on the hillside of Hwyaksan(Mt.). It has a thick but soft stem with a good fragrance. It is the best dropwort in the nation. If you eat it for a long time, it will give you energy and detoxify your body.

Neither chemicals nor fertilizers are used to farm the Selenium-Function tomatoes. Only selenium natural herb juice and herb liquid are sprayed to produce Selenium-Function Tomato with excellent taste and fragrance.

Paprika, which originated in Central Asia, has a unique taste and fragrance with a high degree of sweetness 7~8 degree higher than that of a regular tomato. Red, yellow or orange paprika contains 19 trace elements that make it good as a nutritional snack for children, or a beauty food for women, and it also serves as a decoration for various foods.

Cheongdo-gun has fertile land and a clear difference in temperature between day and night to raise plain tasting unripe pepper with plenty of minerals and excellent fragrance.

Punggak Pepper has thick skin and less seeds and it provides hot and sweet tastes at the same time. Many merchants come here from all over Korea to buy Punggak Peppers during the Punggak Five-Day Pepper Market.

Top Mushroom is cultivated with Cheongdo’s clean air and underground water. It is fresh and good at preservation. It has earned non-chemical quality certification. It helps anti-germ and adjustment of blood pressure since it has a plenty of amino acid and vitamins.

Shiitake Mushroom grows on oak trees in Unmun Dam’s clean water and fresh air. It has thick fleshiness and excellent fragrance while it is effective for anti-cancer and prevention of adult diseases.

Oyster mushrooms, fresh and good at preservation since it is cultivated at clean areas; the Oyster mushroom has sweet fleshiness and a delicious taste while it is effective for anti-cancer and immunology.

Mainly turbo onions are cultivated to create excellent taste and fragrance and good at preservation. Cheongdo onion is sweet and hard and excellent at preservation as well as effective for prevention of adult diseases.

Stubborn Bull’s Rice, strictly selected high quality rice from Cheongdo, a village of Bull Fighting. Premium brand that produces only high quality rice to upgrade rice taste.

Unmunsan Malgeun Sam is cultivated using rice bran agricultural technology in Unmunsan(Mt.)’s clean water and beautiful natural environment. It is a high quality and eco-friendly rice

Well-being Cheongdo Rice grown in Cheongdo with good mountains and clean water is processed under a strict quality control system.

Cheongdo Willow in Gakbuk-myeon

The Willow in Gakbuk-myeon, Natural Monument #298, is called Teolwangbeodeul because, compared to a normal willow, it is tall and its leaves are wide and the tips of the leaves and branches are covered with fur. It is used as a windbreaker. It is also used as an arbor tree.

The Teolwangbeodeul is about 200 years old. It is 15m high and 4.9m wide. It is located along the stream beside the Deoksan Elementary School. Villagers use it as a resting place.

Cheongdo Weeping red pine in Maejeon-myeon

The Weeping red pine in Maejeon-myeon, Cheongdo, has been designated Natural Monument #295. Because the branches grow downward naturally like a willow, this tree is called Yusong. The tree has a unique appearance and is also biologically valuable. It is about 200 years old. It is 14m tall and has a girth of 1.9m. The branches droop downward and the appearance is unique and beautiful.

Cheongdo Jagyeseowon(Yeonggwiru,Dong,Seojae) 03

The Jagyeseowon, in Seowon-ri, Iseo-myeon Tangible Cultural Properties #83 consist of three units. The Jagye Confucian academy, originally called Ungyeseowon, was built in 1518, the 13th year of King Jungjong(1506-44)of the Joseon Kingdom(1392-1910), to honor Kim Ilson(Tagyeong, 1464-98), a scholar and government official of the early Joseon period.

Cheongdo Jagyeseowon(Yeonggwiru,Dong,Seojae) 02

It was reconstructed in 1578, the 11th year of King Seonjo(1567-1608) and received royal acknowledgement in 1661, the second year of King Hyeonjong(1659-74), when it was renamed Jagyeseowon by the court.
Kim Ilson was a section chief in the Ministry of Personnel when he was condemned to death by King Yeonsangun(1494-1506) because he had earned the king's ire with the inclusion in the royal chronicles of a writing criticizing the usurpation of the throne by King Sejo(1455-68). After King Yeonsangun was dethroned by King Jungjong, Kim was posthumously promoted to the rank of the first royal secretary.

Cheongdo Jagyeseowon(Yeonggwiru,Dong,Seojae) 01
Yeonggwiru Pavilion and other buildings were added in 1699, the 25th year of King Sukjong(1674-1720), but all were destroyed in 1871, the eighth year of King Gojong(1863-1907) when private Confucian academies throughout the country were destroyed as a matter of government policy.


Cheongdo Jagye confucian shrine
The present facilities were constructed in 1924. Memorial services are held here for Kim, his grandfather Kim Geukil and his nephew Kim Daeyu.

And now for some of the recommended famous spots of Cheongdo.

Cheongdo Jagyejewol Jagyejewol refers to the stunning reflection of a full moon on the clear waters of the Cheongdocheon(Stream), which flows through Jagye Seowon in Seowon-ri, Iseo-myeon. The view is accentuated by the silent beauty of the bright moon’s reflection, and the surrounding landscape of an old scholar’s house.

Cheongdo Osanjoil Osan is the old name for the present Namsan(Mt.). The word “Osanjoil” indicates the spectacular view of Namsan(Mt.) when the sun rises. With the Hwaaksan (Mt.) to the back and the wide open field to the front, the Namsan(Mt.) offers the best view in the early morning sunlight when the mountain peaks and valleys under the mist form a picturesque scene. Namsan is 870 meters high and is the major mountain of the Cheongdo region.

Cheongdo Yuhoyeonhwa

Yuhoyeonhwa is a pond located in Yudeung-ri Hwayang-eup. It is also called Silla Pond and is 700 meters in diameter and 2 meters deep. The pond is famous for its lotus flowers which were planted by Yi Yuk, the younger brother of Yi Ju who was banished to the region under the Yeonsangun’s rule during the Joseon Dynasty. In the summer, red lotus flowers with their roots make harmonious scene and people fishing in this pond lend a hand in making it more peaceful looking.

Cheongdo Gonampungbyeokl
Gonampungbyeok is a half-moon cliff located in Gongam-ri Unmun-myeon, on the road from Daecheon-ri Unmun-myeon to Gyeongju-si.

The cliff is 30 meters high and offers a magnificent view in all seasons. In the spring, every kind of flower, including azalea, blooms, and in the summer, the icy clean water makes one’s heart stop with wonderment. In the fall, autumn leaves color the cliff, and in the winter, green pine trees represent the noble sprit of the county.

One can still find remnants where dragons and cranes were said to have lived between the cliffs.

Cheongdo Gingko in Iseo-myeon

The Gingko Tree in Iseo-myeon, Cheongdo, Natural Monument #301 is assumed to be about 400 to 1,300 years old. Its height is about 29m, and its girth is about 8.5m. The branches are 27.2 meters wide to the east and west and 24 meters wide to the north and south. Legend says the tree sprouted on the site of a well where an old Buddhist monk fell and died while trying to drink.
Let us now take a look at some of the other cultural assets/properties of Cheongdo-gun.


Milseongparkssi Cert of Meritorious Subject Park Gyeong Sin 01 Milseongparkssi Cert of Meritorious Subject Park Gyeong Sin Milseongparkssi certificate of meritorious subject Park Jinam 01
Milseongparkssi certificate of meritorious subject Park Jinam Milseongparkssi certificate of meritorious subject(Park Cheolnam) G1866 Milseongparkssi Royal edict to Park Gyeongsin
Milseongparkssi Royal edict to Park Gyeongsin 02Royal Edict 
Milseongparkssi Document about Park Gyeong Sin Milseongparkssi Cert of Meritorious Subject Park Gyeong Sin 02

The Milseongparkssi samujeongpa jongjungsojangmunjeok in Cheongdo-gun, Treasures #1237 is an entire collection of 4 kinds of ancient manuscripts consisting of 17 Items.

These documents had been given to Parkgyeongsin and his two sons, Jinam and Cheolnam, during the reign of King Seonjo.

Parkgyeongsin was a military officer in the reign of King Seonjo. He belonged to the Milyang Park's family and his pen name was Samujeong. He passed the first course of the state military examination when he was 31 years old, and won the first place in the entire course of the state military examination when he was 35 years old. Then, he was appointed the general. He escorted the King's escape during the Hideyoshi's Invasion into Korea. He mustered the volunteers and defended Cheongdo against the Japanese army.

After this war, he was appointed as 'Seonmuwonjonggongsin-ildeung(the most meritorious retainer)'. His two sons were appointed as 'Seonmuwonjonggongsin-edeung(the second rank of meritorious retainer.)


Wood printing blocks for Baejayebuunnyak)
Baejayebuunnyakpanmok(Wood printing blocks for Baejayebuunnyak) in Sinji-ri, Geumcheon-myeon, Treasures #917 are wooden blocks used for printing the Baejayebuullyak, a rhyming dictionary compiled in Sung China. Introduced to Korea during the Goryeo period (918-1392), the dictionary was an essential reference book for the upper-class students preparing for the state civil service examination.

Though other rhyming dictionaries with Korean annotations such as Hongmujeongun and Donggukjeongun appeared during the Joseon period(1392-1910), it remained the most popular rhyming dictionary until the publication of the Samuntonggo with an easier index system in 1702.


It was named after the name of the ministry managing the civil service exam, Yebu.

It has 152 pages and published by Park Dongbu in the 5th year of King Sukjong (1679). It consists of 4 parts, preface, body, dictionary, and Bal, and it's 46.2cm long, 20.5cm wide and 1.8cm thick and It's the only dictionary preserved perfectly without any missing pages.

Cheongdo Portrait of General Yi Un-ryong

Yiullyongjanggunyeongjeong(Portrait of General Yi Unryong) Tangible Cultural Properties #89

This portrait is of Yi Unryong(1562-1610), a distinguished military officer during Joseon(1392-1910).
Yi was a lieutenant under Admiral Yi Sunsin during the Japanese Invasion of 1592-98 and later served as the deputy commander of the Five Military Commands, army commander of Hamgyeong-do, and navy commander of Chungcheong-do as well as in many other posts until his death at 49.

The portrait appears to have been painted in 1604 when Yi Unryong was honored by King Seonjo(1567-1608) with the third grade award of Seonmugongsin and given the title Sikseonggun for his outstanding service during the war with Japan.
Judging from the single tiger on his chest and the crane embroidered on the belt, status symbols of junior second grade officials, the portrait was done when Yi was the deputy commander of the Five Military Commands, which corresponds to the year he was cited.

Of a highly refined style, the portrait is typical of official portraits of meritorious officers painted during the mid-Joseon period.

Cheongdo Portrait of Goun Gounyeongjeong(Portrait of Goun) Tangible Cultural Properties #166

Choe Chiwon also known by his pen name Goun, was a famous scholar and official of the Unified Silla period(668-935) who studied in T'ang China and served in public posts there for some time, having passed the Chiness civil services examination.

He is best known for his condemnation of the brigand leader, Huang Ch'ao, in "Manifesto Denouncing Huang Ch'ao," written in 879.


It was so eloquent and dramatic that Huang Ch'ao fell off his bed with fright when he read it.

Choe's portraits are enshrined in many places while most of them represent him as a Buddhist monk, this one portrays a literary man in the Chinese fashion.
Choe is sitting on a chair in a robe and square hat and is holding a fan.


There is a boy with a bowl of pomegranates and a girl with a palm leaf fan at his sides, which makes it a rare example of an unusual composition, as most of the portraits painted in the Joseon period(1392-1910) depict only one person without any minor figures.

The washing technique employed in depicting the face and the folds of the robe and the patterns on the mat on the floor indicate it is an imitation of the original made in the late Joseon period.

Cheongdo town wall

The Cheongdo town wall (Monument #103) was in existence since the Goryeo Dynasty. The wall was made with a mixture of stone and earth and surrounded Seosang-ri, Dongsang-ri and Gyochon-ri in Hwayang-eup. It was later rebuilt as a stone wall during King Sunjo’s rule during the Joseon Dynasty. Its circumference is 1.88 kilometers and the wall is 1.7 meters thick. The wall was demolished during the Japanese colonial rule and now only the remnants of parts of the wall and the foundation are left.

Chasan Nongak of Cheongdo

Chasan Nongak Intangible Cultural Asset #4 gained popularity with the development of a folk game called Cheonwanggil Flag Battle. It was a game enjoyed by villages such as Chasan-ri, Iseo and Changnyeong every Lunar New Year, The villages showed off their strength by organizing farmers’ percussion band and farmers’ flags. Since 1933, the band was made up of 18 people from Chasan-ri and they played a variety of music once a year on the first full moon of the Lunar New Year to pray for a good harvest and dispel evil spirits.

I’m afraid I’ve to end here as I can hardly keep my eyes open. So till my next post, goodbye for now.



Special thanks and appreciation to the following:
Photos and articles © courtesy


http://english.cheongdo.go.kr  
http://jikimi.cha.go.kr/English 
http://www.visitkorea.or.kr






 

Sunday, March 21, 2010

Discovering Gyeongsangbuk do – Cheongdo-gun Part 2

Where would you like to go sightseeing in Cheongdo today? The past few days Cheongdo has been flooded with  crowds of people who have come to see the Bull Fighting Festival.  Oh, I forgot to tell you all, anybody born in the year of the Ox (2009, 1997, 1985, 1973, 1961, 1949) gets free admission into the stadium to see the bull fights.

To start off today’s sightseeing how about visiting an ancient scholar’s residence in Sinji-ri, Geumcheon-myeon, the Cheongdounganggotaekmitmanhwajeong, Important Folklore Materials #106?

Cheongdo Ancient scholar's residence

An ancient mansion, which was first built by Park Jung-eung in 1726 during the reign of King Yeongjo in the late Joseon period.
Later in 1824 during the reign of King Sunjo, Park Si-mun, a Confucian scholar whose pen name was Ungang, extended the house into its present size.
This house is exceptionally large for a private house. On a spacious lot, there are nine nicely arranged  buildings and several yards.
The buildings include the anchae (women’s quarters), the sarangchae (master’s quarters), the jungsarangchae (master’s inner quarters), the daemunganchae (main entrance section), the three gobangchae (storage quarters), the haengnangchae (servant’s quarters) and the sadangchae (family shrine).
The main gate of the house has a hanging signboard, which reads Unganggotaek (old house of Ungang) written by Kim Chung-hyun, a famous calligrapher.
Of all the buildings, the sadang (family shrine) is located deepest inside the house and the other buildings form a rough rectangular shape of two groups, one centering on the anchae and the other centering on the sarangchae.
The main living room of each house building is equipped with a chanmaru (small wooden floor in a corner of a kitchen used to set the table) and a chanbang (pantry).
Daecheong (wooden-floored hall) also has  a changwang (a pantry to keep grocery in summer).
At the end of the inner yard are located the storerooms for grains, alcoholic beverages and fermented foods.
The Anhaengnangchae (inner servant’s quarters) is equipped with a mill and a toilet while the jungsarangchae has a study, an ondolbang (underfloor-heating room) and a floored room.

Cheongdo Daemunchae Outer servant's quarters 01 The Daemunchae(Outer servant's quarters) Important Folklore Materials #106-1

Cheongdo Daemunchae Outer servant's quarters

The daemunganchae (main entrance section) of the Unganggotaek is in the shape of a straight line.
On the left side of the main gate is a toilet and on the right side are a room, a storeroom and a cowshed.

Cheongdo Sarangchae(Husband's quarters)

Sarangchae(Master's quarters) Important Folklore Materials #106-1

Cheongdo Sarangchae(Husband's quarters) 01

Past the main entrance of the Unganggotaek, one can find the keunsarangchae (large master’s quarters) located on the left side.

Cheongdo Sarangchae(Husband's quarters) 03 
 
The L-shaped house building consists of a big room called keunsarangbang and a daecheong (wooden-floored hall) set in a row, and two more rooms called dwitsarangbang at the back of the keunsarangbang. The dwitsarangbang are connected to angotganchae (inner storage quarters). The dwitsarangbang were mostly used by the married women of this family when they met with men from their own parents’ families.

Cheongdo Sarangchae(Husband's quarters) 02
There are small wooden verandas in front of the dwitsarangbang and in front and at the back of the keunsarangbang and daecheong.

Cheongdo Jungsarangchae(Inner husband's quarters)

Jungsarangchae(Inner master's quarters) Important Folklore Materials #106-1

The jungsarangchae (inner master’s quarters) of the Unganggotaek  was used as a private school.
There are a study, an ondolbang (underfloor-heating room) and a floored room.

Cheongdo Anchae(Housewife's quarters) Anchae(women’s quarters) Important Folklore Materials #106-1

Cheongdo Anchae(Housewife's quarters) 01

The anchae (women’s quarters) of the Unganggotaek, is in the shape of a straight line. From the left are the kitchen, main living room, the daecheong (wooden-floored hall) and the ansarang.

Cheongdo Anchae(Housewife's quarters) 03 
The main living room is equipped with a chanmaru (small wooden floor at a corner of a kitchen used to set the table) and the chanbang (pantry). The Daecheong (wooden-floored hall) also has a changwang (storage to keep groceries in summer). At the end of the inner yard are a storeroom and a barn.

Cheongdo Gobangchae(1)(Gobang,storage quarters)Gobangchae(1)(Gobang,storage quarters)

Cheongdo Gobangchae(2)(Gobang,storage quarters) Gobangchae(2)(Gobang,storage quarters)

Cheongdo Gobangchae(3)(Gobang,storage quarters) Gobangchae(3)(Gobang,storage quarters)

Cheongdo Hangnangchae(Servant's quarters) Hangnangchae(Servant's quarters) Important Folklore Materials #106-1

Cheongdo Hangnangchae(Servant's quarters) 01

Cheongdo Hangnangchae(Servant's quarters) 02

Cheongdo Hangnangchae(Servant's quarters) 03  

The haengnangchae (servants’ quarters) of the Unganggotaek is located on the left side of the anchae (wife’s quarters) in the shape of a straight line. From the left are the mill, the storeroom, wooden floor, a room and a kitchen. Behind the mill is a toilet for the servants.
In the front yard of the haengnangchae is a tteokpandol, a square-shaped stone used for making rice cakes.

Cheongdo Sadangchae(Family shrine)

Sadangchae(Family shrine)

Cheongdo Manhwajeong

Manhwajeong Important Folklore Materials #106-2

It is an annex to the Unganggotaek. Park Si-mun (1814 - 1875), a scholar of the Joseon Dynasty, built the annex in 1856 during the reign of King Cheoljong for studying and giving lectures.

Cheongdo Manhwajeong 01

Cheongdo Manhwajeong 02

Cheongdo Manhwajeong 03   
The building includes a pavilion called Manhwajeong, the haengnangchae (servant’s quarters), a shrine and a storeroom.

This place is huge isn’t it? The very well planned layout of the buildings in this residence clearly distinguishes the facilities and spaces separating the men from the women, and the masters from the servants.

Actually there are a few other old houses but they are not as big as this place.

The housewife's quarters of Kim's house in Imdang, Cheongdo

The master's quarters, Kim's House Cheongdo

Cheongdoimdangnigimssigotaek(Kim Clan House in Imdang-ri, Cheong-do) Important Folklore Materials #245

The Kim Old House is a large residential compound containing seven buildings within its walls.
It belonged to an eunuch who once worked in the palace for the king.
As a sign of undying loyalty to the king, the house was built to face the unfavorable direction of northwest, in the direction of palace.
The seven buildings consist of the main residence, two reception buildings, the large shed, the smaller shed, the  shrine and the gatehouse.
From the sarangchae, master’s quarters that served as a reception room and a study, all those who enter through the gate are easily visible.
On the other hand, access to the anchae, or women’s quarters or residential building, are situated to ensure extra privacy.
The compound is a valuable example of studying the lifestyle of eunuchs to kings.

Do you remember what is a seokbinggo? Well, the one in Cheongdo is the second largest and oldest seokbinggo among the  ones in existence today. I think the construction is also different from the ones we’ve seen so far.That’s why I thought it would be nice to take a look.

Stone ice storage in Cheongdo 01

Cheongdoseokbinggo (Stone ice storage in Cheongdo) in Dongcheon-ri, Hwayang-myeon Treasures #323 was built during the reign of King Sukjong( 1674-1720) of the Joseon Kingdom(1392-1910). Cheongdo Seokbinggo
The stone stele near the entrance which was erected in 713 is inscribed with the details of how and when it was constructed and the manpower mobilized to do it. The slanted floor is 14.75mlong and 5m wide. A drainage ditch in the center of the floor leads to a stream outside the storage.

Cheongdo Seokbinggo remaining arches

The ceiling has collapsed, but now only four rainbow shaped stone arches, connected to both side walls, remain.
The storage space stretched from the east to the west, while the entrance was in the west.

 Cheongdo Seokbinggo Steps leading down
Going inside, along the stairs, the steep bottom is located. A waterway is in the middle, while a hole is made in the east so that the water runs off a brook.

Cheongdo Geungnakjeon Hall of Daejeoksa Temple The Daejeoksageungnakjeon(Geungnakjeon Hall of Daejeoksa Temple) Treasures #836 in Songgeum-ri, Hwayang-eup

There is still another temple we haven’t seen yet, the Daejeoksa Temple. It began as a hermitage with a small thatch-roofed structure built in the Joseon period (1392-1910) on the long-deserted site of a major Silla temple.

Cheongdo Geungnakjeon Hall of Daejeoksa Temple 05 
Cheongdo Geungnakjeon Hall of Daejeoksa Temple 02

The Geungnakjeon or the main prayer hall, is believed to have been built in the 18th century. It is a three by two kan structure. Multi-cluster brackets are placed not only on the columns, but also on the outer tie beams between the columns.  Of special note is its two-stepped foundation, the upper part of which is decorated with relief carvings in lotus and tortoise designs and a continuous linear carving of an H-shaped pattern. The sides of the staircase are carved with a writhing dragon design.

Cheongdo Geungnakjeon Hall of Daejeoksa Temple 04

This is something which is rarely seen in other buildings with a gabled roof. In addition the hall's latticed ceiling is two-tiered which is done by structuring it on the main beam at the front and back and on the collar beam at the center. The framework of the roof is not reinforced by pillars.

The Daejeoksa Temple is said to have flourished tremendously only after a monk named Seonghaedaesa renovated the temple and enshrined Buddha statues in 1689. The Geungnakjeon Hall, presumed to have been rebuilt after the mid Joseon period, symbolizes the Western Paradise, or Buddhist version of Utopia.

Uncommon and distinctive in form, style and structure, this building is of great significance to the study of the architecture and sculpture of the Joseon period.

Cheongdo entrance to-Hyanggyo

The Hyanggyo, or Confucian academy, was an important public educational institute that also functioned as a Confucian shrine during the Goryeo(918-1392) and Joseon(1392-1910) periods. This one, called Cheongdohyanggyo, was first established in 1568 at Gopyeong-dong. Also known as Hwayanghyanggyo, it was moved to Hapcheon-dong in 1568, and finally rebuilt here in 1734.

Cheongdo Hyanggyo sarakru (tower pavilion) 01
Eight buildings remain in the compound which includes the Daeseongjeon, or the main shrine, the Myeongnyundang, or lecture hall, two dormitories, two minor shrines, the gate to the shrine facilities, and a pavilion-like gate called Sarakru
In most cases, the lecture hall stands in a row with the shrine. But in this hyanggyo, each sits side by side

Cheongdo Hyanggyo central hall myeongryundang

Cheongdo Hyanggyo daeseongjeon

The Myeongnyundang is of a double-wing like bracket style whereas the Daeseongjeon is of a simple bracket style without any decorative elements.
Memorial tablets of 16 Confucian scholars including Seok Hong,
An Yu, Yi Hwang, Yi Yulgok, Choe Chiwon, and Yi Eonjeok are enshrined here.

Cheongdo Dojugwan(Dojugwan house) Dojugwan(Dojugwan house) Seosang-ri, Hwayang-eup Tangible Cultural Properties #212

This was the guest house of the county government of Cheongdo-gun during the Joseon period(1392-1910).
At that time, a guest house was not only a facility in which visiting government officials were accommodated but also where the local officials gathered every first and 15th day of the month to pledge loyalty to the king in front of a tablet symbolizing the reigning monarch.
Dojugwan, so named because Cheongdo-gun was also called Doju, was built in 1670 during the reign of King Hyeonjong(1659-74). 

The main hall, which is three by four kan is a structure in a wing-like bracket style with a gabled roof. The six by four kan Dongheon is annexed to the main hall.
It appears much taller than the other building because of its imposing roof and pillars which are taller than usual.
Ancient steles erected in praise of the area's magistrates and one erected by the Prince Regent Yi Haeung, or Daewongun as he is commonly known, to reject appeasement with foreign powers during the reign of King Gojong(1863-1907) are in a line in front of the building.

Well, guess that’s about all for now. Join me again in Cheongdo next post as there are still things to do and see there. Bye for now.

Special thanks and appreciation to the following:
Photos and articles © courtesy

Timothy M. Ciccone.

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